What causes Knee pain?
Disease or injury can disrupt this resulting in pain, muscle weakness, and restriction of mobility at the knee. The surfaces in knee joint are covered by a thin, smooth tissue liner called the synovial membrane. This membrane releases a special fluid that lubricates the knee which reduces friction thus making movement easier in a healthy joint.
- Tear of the ligaments of the knee joint during two wheeler accidents and Sport related injuries are common among young adults.
- An injury to the posterior cruciate ligament is the rarest of all ligament injuries in the knee. This is common in contact sports like football and hockey in which there is the risk of a blow to the front of the knee or twisting injury.
- Post Traumatic Arthritiscan follow a serious knee injury. A knee fracture or severe tears of the knee's ligaments may damage the articular cartilage over time, causing knee pain and limiting knee function.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which the synovial membrane becomes thickened and inflamed, producing too much synovial fluid, which over-fills the joint space. RA strikes 3% of women and 1% of men, usually between the ages of 20 and 55 years.
Available Treatment Options
- Non Surgical Therapies for Osteoarthritis of the Knee
- Arthroscopy of the knee joint
- Osteotomy of the knee
- Partial knee Replacement
- Total Knee Replacement
Total Knee Replacement
This procedure is suitable for elderly patients. Here, head of femur (thigh bone) is removed and the Articulation is metal with plastic. Hip replacement involves the use of a socket and a ball for the femoral head. These components could be fixed to the bone either with the help of bone cement (cemented THR) or as a press fit (un-cemented THR). Both of these techniques have shown good results over 15-20 years follow up.